The most prominent studies of psychology and the brain in 2018: Religious suspicion is useful and Hashish treats Alzheimer’s
At the beginning of the new year as you plan your future life, have you thought that science might help you make these decisions? Here are the most prominent studies in psychology, brain science that may help you make your decisions and may help you change them.
The smart ones are more prone to loneliness
The more intelligent people interact with others, the more dissatisfied they feel, according to the study published in November 2016. This long-term study followed the lives of young people between the ages of 18 and 28, and the study showed that those living in areas Less densely populated were happier, and those who enjoyed them with high intelligence were increasing their unhappiness whenever they communicated with others more.
The author of the study explains that the smart ones have long-term plans, communicate with others and distract them from their plans. The author also provides an evolutionary explanation that modern times allow more intelligent people to adapt more than before: “The human race is no longer primitive, To ensure living, the smart ones are now able to survive in a new way, relying on no one but their intelligence. “
Discovery of a ‘big bang’ in the brain of a newborn!
In this study, scientists have discovered the mechanism that allows the generation of neurons at the time of birth through a modern technology called the “flash tag” that enables radiation to isolate and photograph newly born mouse cells at the moment of their birth. They are expected to help us decipher the genetic code that Scientists have developed the technique to start monitoring any gene that is activated first at birth and were able to observe the moment when all the genes in the neuron are activated by this technique. It’s like a display of fireworks that happens to genes in front of you from the start, and through which scientists can understand the interactions of genes from the moment of zero.
The way you treat your emotions has a direct impact on your health
A team of researchers observed the emotional behaviors and reactions of couples during a 15-minute fight. After the quarrel and analysis, the researchers were able to predict symptoms of diseases that couples would suffer during the next 20 years of marriage. Specifically, they found that nervous couples would suffer In the future of high blood pressure, and clothed couples will suffer from problems and pain in the back.
The human brain is capable of learning sight after blindness
The brain may be able to process visual information after years of complete blindness, according to a study of retinal retinitis, a genetic disease in the retina that gradually leads to blindness, implanting chips that receive visual signals and transmit them to the brain through the axons Retina. Using magnetic resonance imaging, they found that the brain was able to learn to recognize visual signals, and the frequency of stimulation (eg light flashes) was associated with increased activity in the visual area of the brain.
The Secret of Acquiring Friends
The level of emotional intelligence and narcissistic tendencies was measured by a group of first-grade students in a study published in September 2016. They were then asked to interact socially for three months and were then returned to the laboratory again.
After analyzing the data, it was found that people with narcissistic tendencies succeeded in gaining friends at first, but lost their popularity over time, while those with high emotional intelligence gained popularity over time and maintained their friendships over time.
Empathy is a learned skill that can be learned, not just a sense of instinct
It is known that empathy is one of the most important components of emotional intelligence, on which relationships and friendships are based. Many people think it is just an innate sense, either possess it or not, but this study shows that empathy skills are acquired, systematic, and can be learned, not just innate.
After training volunteers on empathy skills, four experiments were conducted, published in November 2016, which tested several aspects of empathy in which empathically (educational) sympathizers were more accurate in recognizing and understanding the feelings of others than those sympathetic.
Extreme exercise is good for depression
In a study of two types of neurotransmitters in the brain that had an effect on depression, namely GABA and glutamate, for 38 depressed patients, they trained on the bike for a period of time at multiple stages and were then compared with a group that did not exercise, That the metabolic pathway of neurotransmitters, gamma and glutamate, became more active after exercise, and the faster the bike, the more time; the more vector activity.
“We see some cases of total collapse in marathons where the jolt suddenly falls,” says scientist Richard J. Maddock. “In such cases we believe that the muscles have depleted their oxygen and energy reserves, but this study shows the role of the brain in the process , And that in this case has exceeded the limits of his work has collapsed ».
The most emotional qualities inherited by a girl from her mother are her emotional reactions
Parents have a significant genetic and environmental impact on their child’s emotional characteristics, but a study published in January 2016, in which the research team followed up and studied the behavior of 35 families of parents aged 33-48, and children aged 5-13, Her emotional reactions to her children are more than that of parents, and her impact is more pronounced in girls than in males.
Painting helps to remember
In seven trials in which volunteers tested the effect of the drawing accompanying writing, in improving the memory of the volunteer, the researchers in the first and second experiments provided a list of words that the volunteer later called, and they were free to use theDraw or not while trying to save.
It was found that the words that were drawn were easier to call, and in the fourth to sixth sessions, the coding, images and finished drawings were tested. It did not help to remember the drawing. In the seventh experiment, the drawing was more than the coding methods, images, To remember.
The study suggests that this is due to the integration of the linguistic, visual and dynamic aspects of remembering, unlike other methods.
Smoking hashish (marijuana) may help treat Alzheimer’s!
Researchers at the Salk Institute have discovered that some narcotic compounds in marijuana, such as amyloid beta proteins, help to reduce inflammation of cells, which is a key factor in the rapid spread of the disease.
Cycopates (mentally disturbed) prefer bitter taste
While most people agree to aversion to bitterness in bait, a study published in January of 2016 showed a sample of 953 volunteers with an average age of 35 years, of which 48% were females who filled out a questionnaire about their preferences , And then underwent tests that explore their personalities in many respects, and showed that preference for bitter food was the highest proportion of those who have psychological tendencies, narcissistic, and sadistic. While inclined to have aggressive tendencies to eat too sweet, too sour or too salty.
Your brain’s capacity is equal to the capacity of the entire web and probably more
This study provides information that your brain capacity is equal to the entire network capacity, which is ten times the expectations of the last study in this area, and may exceed this capacity in subsequent studies. “This is the power of computing stored in neurotransmitters, which change shape and size with repetition and diversity that no one has ever imagined,” says one researcher. “This supernatural flexibility is the secret of this enormous capacity.”
Painkillers may make chronic pain worse
In an experiment in rats, five days of morphine injection to treat mild pain in the development of chronic pain lasting several months, the study published in April of 2016 reported that morphine triggers the release of pain signals from cells in the brain and spinal cord, This study on other animals, and showed the same results will help explain the vicious circle of prescription opioid analgesics of patients in our time, as it numbness of pain at the surface level, but in depth prolong the length of time taken to the patient, and since opioid analgesics easy to add; This property is revealed in the elimination of the Edma epidemic Painkillers rampant in the last 15 years.
Physical evidence .. Children’s sleep affects the growth of their brain
In a study of the impact of sleep deprivation in 13 children between the ages of 5-12 years, the team first measured their deep sleep patterns on a normal night’s sleep and then measured them again at night after their late sleep. When compared, Of the brain, the parietal-occipital areas. This means that the brain region is negatively affected by the lack of sleep. They also measure myelin in the brain (a necessary substance in neurons) and found that it is less in areas of the brain affected by sleep deprivation .
This study was limited to one night and showed a short-term effect, but the researcher confirms that over a long period may be affected by the brain of the child, especially in the stage of growth, it shows that the effect of sleep in the brain of the child is more dangerous than the impact in the brain of adults.
Salt controls your sleep!
Scientists have discovered that control of the rate of nerve rates that play a large role in controlling the salts in the brain (such as adrenaline) affects the wake and sleep cycle in humans. When the brain is injected with these nerve rates, the salt level changes in the brain. Stimulation of neurons. When we are awake, cells are very sensitive to stimulation, unlike when we are asleep.
Children are able to understand the consequences of their actions at the age of three
The study included 300 twins, at the age of two years, and then at the age of three years. At the age of 2, their self-control scores were tested through their parents’ observations and by analyzing their reactions when they were subjected to rigorous tests that measured their self-control (running in the street without attention to cars). The same test was repeated at the age of 3 years after application At the age of 2, children showed a 60% natural risk response to risk, but at the age of 3 they dropped to 6%, depending on their life experience, interaction, environment, family influences, and understanding of the consequences of their work during the year, And when one of the twins is subjected to these effects and so on Rat, without being subject to its other, the other did not affect the understanding of them, and learn the consequences of his decision towards the observation.
Discover the area responsible for fear in the brain
In a study that included rodents showing instinctive fear reactions to their predators, they produce a group of stress hormones that are at the top of their predisposition to escape predators. Using modified viruses that have been used to track the effect of nerves and nerve cells stimulated by fear, Of the brain, is the most active in this process, the amygdala-piriform transition area.
Frequent use of mobile phone affects your mental health
Participants filled out a questionnaire on how they used their mobile phones and communication technology, their mental state and their mental health, and there was a strong positive relationship between frequent phone use and mental health problems, especially when they were used to escape the problems of daily life.For emotional problems, while when they were used to avoid boredom did not show a clear effect.
Money buys happiness but on condition
Some researchers have always been adamant that money does not buy happiness, and that good does not necessarily mean money. But in a recent study published in April 2016, I looked closely at the relationship of money to happiness, looking at 76,000 bank transactions for 625 people, Characters and lifestyle of each transaction, and found that whenever a person spent money on things that fit his character (an introvert reader buying a lot of books, for example), he was happier regardless of the amount spent.